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Who was most at blame for the start of World War One?

Jun 16, 2009
11 votes
4 debaters

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Jun 22, 2009
2 convinced
Germany is the most at blame for starting the war.

It was the avarice of Germany, that slowly escalated into a full-pledged war between the European powers.

There are reasons to why Germany had wanted so much power and territory.
1. German leaders were afraid of encirclement- whereby friendship between Russia to the east and France to the west. (This was a palpable threat to the Germans)
2. Other countries, e.g. Russia, were also building up arms. Germany followed suit, afraid to lose out.

These factors drove Germany to become greedy for territory, and this is further exhibited in the Anglo-German Naval rivalry.

Originally, for a long period of time, the Anglos had ruled the seas, with their powerful army. However, when the new Kaiser- Wilhem II stepped up, he announced his intention of strengthening the navy of Germany.

This sparked off great speculation, and came across as a challenge to the Britons. During the period 1900-1914, there was great tension, as it seemed as though a war was imminent. It was as though there was a covert arms race of sorts.

Even if there wasn't any underlying intention of Germany to wage war, after this period of build-up, many were sure of the war and had contemplated what to do. This is a supplement factor.

Furthermore, the Morocco crisis of the 1905 escalated the already insurmountable tension to a whole new level. Basically, there was obvious competition for the land of North Africa. Both France and Germany were eager to usurp the land. However, the France expressed their contempt and a conference was held to mediate matters.
However, instead of alleviating tension, after the conf. Kaiser was even more antagonised and threatened. (Because he was humiliated and Germany was ostensibly weak and powerless; Plus, later on, The Brits and French formed the alliance.)

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